As set out in Article 1 of the Treaty, each party must peacefully resolve international disputes so as not to threaten world peace and refrain from threatening violence in a manner inconsistent with the objective of the United Nations. [2] Article II stipulates that each party can, individually or collectively, acquire, develop and maintain, through mutual assistance, its ability to withstand armed attacks. Article III stipulates that the parties will consult from time to time, using their secretaries of state, foreign ministers or consuls, to determine appropriate enforcement measures. [2] The parties will also consult if one of the parties finds that their territorial integrity, political independence or national security is threatened by armed attacks in the Pacific. [2] Article IV stipulates that an attack on one of the two parties is carried out in accordance with their constitutional processes and that any armed attack against either side is brought to the attention of the United Nations for immediate arrest. [2] Once the United Nations has issued such orders, all hostile actions between the signatories of this treaty and the opposing parties will be fine-sided. [2] Following the signing of the Manila Declaration, representatives of the United States and the Philippines met to sign a new partnership to strengthen economic and defensive relations between the two countries. This new formal agreement is the partnership for growth. The new agreement is part of President Obama`s comprehensive development initiative, which aims to strengthen business development and trade relations between the two countries in the Philippines. [8] At the signing ceremony of the new agreement, Secretary Clinton reaffirmed the U.S. position on the Philippines` mutual defense, saying, “The United States will always be in the corner of the Philippines. We will always fight with you and fight to achieve the future we are looking for. [9] Article V defines the meaning of the attack and its purpose, which encompasses all attacks by an enemy power, is considered an attack on a metropolitan area by both sides or against the island territories under its jurisdiction in the Pacific or against its armed forces, public ships or aircraft in the Pacific.

[2] Article VI states that this treaty does not infringe the rights and obligations of the parties under the Charter of the United Nations, obstructs or is not construed as an infringement. [2] Article VII stipulates that the treaty will be ratified in accordance with the constitutional procedures established by the United States Constitution and the Philippine Constitution. [2] Finally, Article VIII provides that the contractual terms are indeterminate until one or both parties intend to denounce the agreement.

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Last Modified: December 18, 2020