In the public sector, the issue of the use of APAs depends on contract law. Where possible, agencies often negotiate PTAs with labour organizations and then require contractors to sign the negotiated PLA as a condition for awarding the contract. For federal construction projects, agencies are encouraged, but not necessary, to use ATPs in certain contexts. A February 2009 executive order, which was subsequently implemented on April 13, 2010 in the Federal Procurement Code, encourages, but does not, encourage federal authorities to use federal AGENCES for large direct federal construction projects with an estimated total cost of $25 million or more, the commitment “promoting the economic and effective interest of the federal government in obtaining federal contracts production of the employment department. and to ensure compliance with safety and health laws and regulations, equal employment opportunities, labour and employment standards and other issues. (4) The creation of a single mechanism for resolving labour disputes. Laws governing state and local projects differ as to whether different government agencies can use APAs. Currently, about half of the states have either passed laws or permanent executive orders that prohibit or restrict the use of a PLA for public projects. For example, in 2013, the Georgian legislature passed a law (Georgian Code 50-5-72) prohibiting public authorities from requiring or banning LTCs for public projects, instead of leaving bidders with the decision to use a PLA. South Carolina, Idaho and Louisiana are among the states that have similar laws.

On March 28, 2019, the City of San Jose and the Santa Clara and San Benito Construction Council signed a Project Work Agreement (PLA) for some of the city`s public works projects, at a cost of more than $3 million. PPPs are most used in large and complex construction projects requiring multiple contractors, with the aim of normalizing the employment conditions of all contractors and their workers.

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Last Modified: April 11, 2021